Facts Database

Verified facts for journalists, investors, and advocates interested in the transition from factory farming to plant-based and alternative proteins.

Find in depth articles on specific topics on the follow pages:
Climate change, human epidemics, industry disruption, food safety, animal diseases, climate disasters, antibiotic resistance, trade disputes, and animal welfare.

FactTags
Legal & General Investment Management (LGIM) divested from Hormel"The [food] sector has however made up a significant proportion of both last year’sand this year’s divestment candidates, amid concern that it is failing to show strategicawareness of the risks associated with climate change. Hormel Foods and Kroger areamong the names divested from this year, following low scores on governance and strategy and a lack of engagement""Legal & General this year said its Future World Fund would divest from Spam meat maker Hormel Foods Corp. and retailer Kroger Co. because they aren't doing enough to address risks associated with climate change."GlobalFinance, DivestmentFinancehttps://www.legalandgeneralgroup.com/media/17248/21062019-lghttps://www.legalandgeneralgroup.com/media/17248/21062019-lgim-climate-impact-pledge-final-210619.pdfLegal & General Investment Management2019Asset Manager
The threat of divestments in the livestock sector is rising."Investors are starting to give meat suppliers a warning that has already sent ripples through the coal industry: make better progress in tackling climate change or risk being shunned."GlobalFinance, DivestmentUncategorizedhttps://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-takhttps://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-taking-on-coal-and-oil-climate-investors-target-meat-nextBloomberg2019News
Storebrand Asset Management has placed both JBS and Cargill on its exclusion listGlobalDivestment, InvestorsFinancehttps://www.storebrand.no/en/asset-management/sustainable-inhttps://www.storebrand.no/en/asset-management/sustainable-investments/exclusionsStore Brand2020Asset Manager
Norwegian pension fund KLP began openly contemplating divestment from agricultural giants Archer Daniels Midland (ADM), Cargill, and Bunge due to the companies’ continued contributions to deforestationEuropeClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-taking-on-coal-and-oil-climate-investors-target-meat-next?sref=3TeaJao7Bloomberg2019
Article - After Taking on Coal and Oil, Climate Investors Target Meat Next"Investors are starting to give meat suppliers a warning that has already sent ripples through the coal industry: make better progress in tackling climate change or risk being shunned."GlobalFinance, Divestment, articleUncategorizedhttps://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-takhttps://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-taking-on-coal-and-oil-climate-investors-target-meat-nextBloomberg2019News
Legal & General Investment Management has more than $1 trillion in assets, divested from HormelGlobalDivestmentUncategorizedhttps://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-takhttps://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-taking-on-coal-and-oil-climate-investors-target-meat-nextBloomberg2019News
Storebrand Asset Management plans to sell shares and bonds in companies including Cargill by 2025 unless they make progress in mapping out how their supply chains affect deforestation. GlobalDivestment, Deforestation, CargillUncategorizedhttps://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-takhttps://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-taking-on-coal-and-oil-climate-investors-target-meat-nextBloomberg2019News
Norwegian pension fund KLP openly contemplated divestment from agricultural giants Archer Daniels Midland (ADM), Cargill, and Bunge due to the companies’ continued contributions to deforestationGlobalInvestor, DivestmentUncategorizedhttps://news.mongabay.com/2019/09/giant-norway-pension-fund-https://news.mongabay.com/2019/09/giant-norway-pension-fund-weighs-brazil-divestment-over-amazon-deforestation/Mongabay2019News
Hormel listed African swine fever as a major threat to its profitabilityUnited StatesDiseaseUncategorizedhttps://www.sec.gov/ix?doc=/Archives/edgar/data/48465/000004846519000057/hormel201910k.htmSEC2019
Hormel listed the global trade environment as the biggest threat to its profitabilityUnited StatesTrade DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://www.sec.gov/ix?doc=/Archives/edgar/data/48465/000004846519000057/hormel201910k.htmSEC2019
Tyson faced impacts of increased trade tariffs and policy changes in 2019United StatesTrade DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://s22.q4cdn.com/104708849/files/doc_financials/2019/ar/dcdf2f5b-689d-4520-afd6-69691cf580de.pdfSEC2019
In 2015, an outbreak of Avian Influenza caused a hault of US imports to other countries worth $6 billionUnited StatesTrade DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://www.foodsafetynews.com/2020/04/highly-pathogenic-avian-flu-in-sc-turkey-flock-is-no-threat-to-human-health/Food Safety News2015
China, Mexico and Canada have levied retaliatory tariffs on tens of billions of dollars’ worth of U.S. goodsUnited StatesTrade DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://www.americanactionforum.org/research/the-total-cost-of-trumps-new-tariffs/American Action Forum2017
Tyson faced around 25% decrease in profit due to increased tariffs in 2018United StatesTrade DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/here-are-202-companies-hurt-trumps-tariffsCATO2018
America’s largest milk producer - Dean Foods filed for bankruptcy in 2018 after 38% fall in revenue since 2011United StatesIndustry DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://www.wsj.com/articles/dean-foods-falters-in-more-concentrated-milk-market-11557064801WSJ2018
Longtime seafood powerhouse Bumble Bee filed for bankruptcy in November 2019 due to decrease in demandUnited StatesIndustry DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://www.usatoday.com/story/money/food/2019/11/21/bumble-bee-bankruptcy-tuna-brand-planning-sell-assets-925-m/4265996002/?utm_source=taboola&utm_medium=exchange&utm_content=moneyUSA Today2019
In 2020, seafood company Bumble Bee was planning a restructuring that involved a strategic partnership with the plant-based seafood company Good CatchUnited StatesIndustry DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://edition.cnn.com/2020/03/02/business/bumble-bee-tuna-new-package-good-catch/index.htmlCNN2020
Factory farmers across the United States killed millions of chickens, pigs, and cattle they could not send to slaughter due to the supply chain issues during the Covid-19 pandemicUnited StatesHuman EpidemicsUncategorizedhttps://www.washingtonpost.com/context/tyson-ad/86b9290d-115b-4628-ad80-0e679dcd2669/Washington Post2020
Smithfield had to shut a South Dakota plant where nearly 20 percent of its 3,700 employees had contracted COVID-19United StatesHuman EpidemicsUncategorizedhttps://consumergoods.com/closure-pork-plant-smithfield-warns-supply-chain-repercussionsConsumer Goods2020
During the Covid-19 pandemic, hog prices fell by 53.2%. The swine industry suffered an estimated $5B in losses as a result. United StatesHuman EpidemicsUncategorizedhttps://crsreports.congress.gov/product/pdf/R/R46347CRS Reports2020
Cattle prices fell by 25.1% during the covid-19 pandemic, resulting in an estimated $13.6B to $14.6B in losses for the cattle/beef industryUnited StatesHuman EpidemicsUncategorizedhttps://crsreports.congress.gov/product/pdf/R/R46347CRS Reports2020
Price of Class III milk was down 20.6%, translating into $8B in losses for dairy producers during the Covid-19 pandemicUnited StatesHuman EpidemicsUncategorizedhttps://crsreports.congress.gov/product/pdf/R/R46347CRS Reports2020
Foodborne illnesses sicken one in six Americans each year, resulting in 128,000 hospitalizations, 3,000 deaths, and more than $15B in illness-related economic lossesUnited StatesFoodborne IllnessesUncategorizedhttps://www.cdc.gov/foodborneburden/2011-foodborne-estimates.html#:~:text=CDC%20estimates%20that%20each%20year,3%2C000%20die%20of%20foodborne%20diseasesCDC2014
In 2002, Pilgrim's Pride recalled 27.4 million pounds of cooked chicken and turkey due to listeria, making a loss of $100 millionUnited StatesFoodborne IllnessesUncategorizedhttps://www.just-food.com/news/pilgrims-pride-expects-100m-in-costs-from-turkey-meat-recall_id80052.aspxJust Food2003
A January 2008 exposé of animal cruelty at a California factory farming operation instigated the largest meat recall in U.S. historyUnited StatesFoodborne IllnessesUncategorizedhttps://www.humanesociety.org/news/rampant-animal-cruelty-california-slaughter-plantHumane Society2008
In February 2008, Hallmark/Westland recalled a record 143 million pounds of beef, the majority of which had already been consumed, including by childrenUnited StatesFoodborne IllnessesUncategorizedhttps://www.foodsafetynews.com/2012/11/landmark-settlement-reached-in-westlandhallmark-meat-case/Food Safety News2008
On August 3, 2011, Cargill agreed to recall 36 million pounds of ground turkey that had been contaminated by Salmonella, losing $2.4M per weekUnited StatesFoodborne IllnessesUncategorizedhttps://www.foodsafetynews.com/2011/11/cdc-cargill-ground-turkey-outbreak-has-ended/Food Safety News2011
In 2019, the USDA initiated 124 recalls of a total 20,427,500 pounds of potentially contaminated meatUnited StatesFoodborne IllnessesUncategorizedhttps://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/topics/recalls-and-public-health-alerts/recall-summaries/recall-summaries-2019.USDA2019
More than forty institutional investors managing over $1 trillion in assets sent joint letters to leading meat producers to reduce water pollution from their farmsUnited StatesClimate DisastersUncategorizedhttps://www.spglobal.com/marketintelligence/en/news-insights/trending/-lwa4jkIkWjdC2hoaMP_aw2SP Global2016
Hurricane Matthew killed over two million animals in just 140 barns in North CarolinaUnited StatesClimate DisastersUncategorizedhttps://www.spglobal.com/marketintelligence/en/news-insights/trending/-lwa4jkIkWjdC2hoaMP_aw2SP Global2016
When Hurricane Florence hit North Carolina in 2018, the storm killed roughly 5,500 pigs and 3.4 million chickensUnited StatesClimate DisastersUncategorizedhttps://www.npr.org/2018/09/22/650698240/hurricane-s-aftermath-floods-hog-lagoons-in-north-carolinaNPR2018
In late August 2020, a derecho storm tore through Iowa, Illinois, and Indiana, causing billions of dollars’ worth of damage to corn, soybean, and livestock farming operationsUnited StatesClimate DisastersUncategorizedhttps://www.washingtonpost.com/weather/2020/08/12/iowa-derecho-corn-damage/Washington Post2020
As of 2019, researchers estimated the annual cost of heat-stress losses of livestock at between $1.9B and $2.7B in the U.S. aloneUnited StatesClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://lpelc.org/current-and-future-economic-impact-of-heat-stress-in-the-u-s-livestock-and-poultry-sectors/LPELC2020
Half of heat-stress losses of livestock accrue to the dairy industry, owing primarily to decreased outputUnited StatesClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/45279/49164_err175.pdf?v=537.4USDA2014
Tyson has declared that increased government regulations to limit greenhouse gas emissions as a result of concern over climate change may result in lesser profitUnited StatesClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://s22.q4cdn.com/104708849/files/doc_financials/2019/ar/dcdf2f5b-689d-4520-afd6-69691cf580de.pdfSEC2018
80% of all antibiotics sold each year are administered to animals living on factory farmsUnited StatesAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://ourworldindata.org/antibiotic-resistance-from-livestock#note-11Our World in Data2017
In the United States, antibiotic-resistant infections currently give rise to 2.8 million illnesses and 35,000 deaths in the United States each year at a cost of between $50B and $70BUnited StatesAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/biggest-threats.htmlCDC2020
FDA declared that medically important antimicrobial drugs should only be used in animals when necessary - which factory farms will have to adhere toUnited StatesAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://www.fda.gov/animal-veterinary/cvm-updates/fda-releases-five-year-plan-supporting-antimicrobial-stewardship-veterinary-settingsFDA2018
In the U.S., twelve states have banned the use of intensive confinement systems for animalsUnited StatesAnimal WelfareUncategorizedhttps://www.aspca.org/animal-protection/public-policy/farm-animal-confinement-bansASPCA2020
US Supreme Court declined to hear challenges to animal welfare laws passed by ballot in California and MassachusettsUnited StatesAnimal WelfareUncategorizedhttps://thecounter.org/supreme-court-animal-welfare-law-cage-free-egg-foie-gras-ban/The Counter2019
Exposés of animal cruelty can result in direct losses to factory farming operations and irreparable brand damageUnited StatesAnimal WelfareUncategorizedhttps://www.humanesociety.org/news/rampant-animal-cruelty-california-slaughter-plantHumane Society2008
Florida-based Animal Recovery Mission (ARM) released undercover video footage of animals being beaten, burned, punched, dragged, and left to die in extreme temperatures at Fair Oaks FarmsUnited StatesAnimal WelfareUncategorizedhttps://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-biz-fair-oaks-farms-what-to-know-20190607-story.htmlChicago Tribune2019
New York state brought forward a bill to prohibit the operation of establishments where animals are slaughtered or butchered for food.United StatesLegislation, Slaughterhouses, diseaseAnimalshttps://assembly.state.ny.us/leg/?default_fld=&bn=A10399&terhttps://assembly.state.ny.us/leg/?default_fld=&bn=A10399&term=2019&Summary=Y&Actions=Y&Text=Y&Committee%26nbspVotes=Y&Floor%26nbspVotes=YState Legislature2020Government
City council members in New York and Los Angeles have proposed city-wide boycotts of meat producers contributing to deforestation“Companies like Marfrig, JBS, and Cargill are some of the main culprits in this issue—we need to cut ties from them,” said Brooklyn borough president Eric Adams,United States, BrazilCities, Boycott, DeforestationUncategorizedhttps://thecounter.org/nyc-la-boycott-jbs-cargill-amazon-wilhttps://thecounter.org/nyc-la-boycott-jbs-cargill-amazon-wildfires-deforestation/The Counter2019NGO
An outbreak of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) that originated on a turkey farm resulted in the disease-related deaths or culling of approximately 50 million birds on 200 farms in 21 statesFood Safety News, “Highly pathogenic avian flu in SC turkey flock is no threat to human health,” April 15,2020, accessed June 15, 2020, https://www.foodsafetynews.com/2020/04/highly-pathogenic-avian-flu-in-sc-turkey-flock-is-no-threat-to-human-health/.United States, CanadaDiseaseUncategorizedhttps://www.foodsafetynews.com/2020/04/highly-pathogenic-avian-flu-in-sc-turkey-flock-is-no-threat-to-human-health/Food Safety News
70% of human diseases originate in animals, and 3 out of 4 new and emerging infectious diseases come from animalsDiseaseUncategorizedhttp://www.fao.org/ag/againfo/resources/en/publications/Worlhttp://www.fao.org/ag/againfo/resources/en/publications/World_livestock/2013.htmFAOIntergovernmental Org
Asia-Pacific is projected to exhibit exponential growth of the meat substitute market throughout 2026, registering a CAGR of 9.3%“Meat Substitute Market Expected to Reach $8.1 Billion by 2026 | AMR.” Accessed November 19, 2019. https://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/press-release/global-meat-substitute-market.html.Asia-PacificDeveloping lifestyle and rise in disposable income of consumers are expected drivers for the growth of the Asia-Pacific market.Meat AlternativesUncategorizedhttps://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/press-release/global-mehttps://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/press-release/global-meat-substitute-market.htmlAllied Market Research2019Other
A Brazilian cow needs 32x more land than crops producing the same amount of protein, while more efficient US cows still gulp down about 16,000lbs of water for each pound of weight they gain. “Why Is Meat So Cheap?” Accessed January 3, 2020. https://us14.campaign-archive.com/?u=66df320da8400b581cbc1b539&id=d20cd35b72.BrazilLand Use, Protein, Water, CowsUncategorizedhttps://us14.campaign-archive.com/?u=66df320da8400b581cbc1b5https://us14.campaign-archive.com/?u=66df320da8400b581cbc1b539&id=d20cd35b72Open Philanthropy Project2019NGO
Cattle ranching is the largest driver of deforestation in every Amazon country, accounting for 80% of current deforestation rates.“Cattle Ranching in the Amazon Region | Global Forest Atlas.” Accessed November 7, 2019. https://globalforestatlas.yale.edu/amazon/land-use/cattle-ranching.BrazilDeforestation, CattleUncategorizedhttps://globalforestatlas.yale.edu/amazon/land-use/cattle-rahttps://globalforestatlas.yale.edu/amazon/land-use/cattle-ranchingYaleAcademic
The top 5 exporters of beef in the world are Brazil, India, Australia, USA, and Argentina."Livestock and Poultry: World Markets and Trade." United States Department of Agriculture. October 2019. https://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/circulars/livestock_poultry.pdfBrazil, India, Australia, United States, ArgentinaAll of India's exports are only carabeef.Beef, CarabeefUncategorizedhttps://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/circulars/livestock_poulhttps://apps.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/circulars/livestock_poultry.pdfUSDA2019Government
In China, annual sales of plant-based meat have demonstrated consistent year-on-year growth rates of around 15% since 2014.FAIRR. “Appetite for Disruption: How Leading Food Companies Are Responding to the Alternative Protein Boom | Reports.” Accessed October 17, 2019. https://www.fairr.org/article/appetite-for-disruption-how-leading-food-companies-are-responding-to-the-alternative-protein-boom/.ChinaPlant-based MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.fairr.org/article/appetite-for-disruption-how-lehttps://www.fairr.org/article/appetite-for-disruption-how-leading-food-companies-are-responding-to-the-alternative-protein-boom/FAIRR2019NGO
59% of Chinese consumers are very or extremely likely to purchase cultivated meat regularly. "A 2018 survey of 3,030 consumers found that 30% of U.S. consumers, 59% of Chinese consumers, and 50% of Indian consumers were very or extremely likely to purchase cell-based meat regularly."The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Cell-based Meat." June 2019. ChinaPage 11Consumer Perception, Cultivated MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
61% of Chinese consumers are very or extremely likely to try cultivated meat.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Cell-based Meat." June 2019. ChinaPage 11Consumer Perception, Cultivated MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
China lost more than half its pig herd due to the swine fever virus Washington Post, “A terrible pandemic is killing pigs around the world, and U.S. pork producers fear they could be hit next,” October 16, 2019, accessed June 10, 2020, https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2019/10/16/terrible-pandemic-is-killing-pigs-around-world-us-pork-producers-fear-they-could-be-next/.ChinaDiseaseUncategorizedhttps://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2019/10/16/terrible-pandemic-is-killing-pigs-around-world-us-pork-producers-fear-they-could-be-next/.Washington Post
China’s anti-dumping laws imposed tariffs of 43.1% on Tyson’s products, 80.5% on Pilgrim’s Pride’s, and 64.5% on Sanderson FarmsChinaTrade DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://www.reuters.com/article/china-us-chicken/update-3-china-to-levy-anti-dumping-duties-on-us-chicken-idUSTOE61402H20100205Reuters2010
The levy on Sanderson Farms' products climbed to 70.6% due to China's tariffs by 2019ChinaTrade DisruptionUncategorizedhttp://ir.sandersonfarms.com/static-files/dd7be81d-df8a-4e22-b267-89cc6e9dcc89Sanderson Farms2019
China announced a timetable for its plan to eliminate the inclusion of antibiotics in animal feed by 2020ChinaAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://research.rabobank.com/far/en/sectors/farm-inputs/China-s-antibiotics-reduction-campaign-will-impact-the-entire-livestock-supply-chain.htmlRabobank2018
The top 5 producers of cattle meat in the world are China, Brazil, USA, Argentina, and India.“FAOSTAT,” accessed November 5, 2019, http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QL.China, Brazil, United States, Argentina, IndiaCattle, CowsUncategorizedhttp://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QL http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QL FAO2017Intergovernmental Org
The top 6 producers of chicken in the world are China, USA, Brazil, Indonesia, Russia, and India.“FAOSTAT,” accessed November 5, 2019, http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QL.China, United States, Brazil, Indonesia, Russia, IndiaChickenUncategorizedhttp://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QL http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QL FAO2017Intergovernmental Org
The EU's "Green Deal" includes a €10B funding to increase availability and accessability of plant based alternativesEuropeIndustry DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal/actions-being-taken-eu/farm-fork_enEU2020
Oslo-based Storebrand Asset Management had placed both JBS and Cargill on its exclusion list owing to concerns regarding corrupt conduct and climate change-accelerating deforestationEuropeClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-taking-on-coal-and-oil-climate-investors-target-meat-next?sref=3TeaJao7Bloomberg2019
It’s possible that we’ll see this type of banning or investors deciding not to invest in livestock companies or meat processorsEuropeClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-taking-on-coal-and-oil-climate-investors-target-meat-next?sref=3TeaJao7Bloomberg2019
European Parliament approved legislation banning the prophylactic use of antibiotics in animal farming by 2022EuropeAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://thepigsite.com/news/2018/10/eu-bans-prophylactic-use-of-antibiotics-in-farming-1The Pig Site2018
Increasing regulations around antibiotic use in livestockEurope, United StatesAntibiotics,Uncategorizedhttps://www.forbes.com/sites/maisieganzler/2018/11/01/europehttps://www.forbes.com/sites/maisieganzler/2018/11/01/europes-move-on-antibiotic-use-in-livestock-leaves-u-s-in-the-dust-again/#2eb5de5a1a53Forbes2018News
Germany, Sweden, Denmark have proposed additional tax on meat considering a new tax on meatGermanyTaxUncategorizedhttps://www.businessinsider.com.au/meat-could-be-the-next-tohttps://www.businessinsider.com.au/meat-could-be-the-next-tobacco-as-governments-look-to-sin-taxes-as-a-solution-to-climate-change-2019-8Business Insider2019News
Cargill, announced the closure of an Alberta, Canada, plant where at least 360 employees have contracted the virus"Still, closures are mounting for many companies because of the virus. On Monday, beef and pork processor JBS USA said it will close a third facility because of coronavirus, while another company, Cargill, announced the closure of an Alberta, Canada, plant where at least 360 employees have contracted the virus, according to Reuters."GlobalDisease, Closures, Labor, Cargill, JBS, TysonDiseasehttps://www.foxbusiness.com/markets/coronavirus-tyson-foods-https://www.foxbusiness.com/markets/coronavirus-tyson-foods-meat-supply-chainFox Business2020News
It is estimated that approximately 73% of all antimicrobials sold on the planet are used in the livestock industry.Thomas P. Van Boeckel et al., “Global Trends in Antimicrobial Resistance in Animals in Low- and Middle-Income Countries,” Science 365, no. 6459 (September 20, 2019): eaaw1944, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw1944.GlobalAntibioticsDiseasehttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/365/6459/eaaw1944https://science.sciencemag.org/content/365/6459/eaaw1944Science2019Academic
The livestock sector could take between 37% and 49% of the GHG budget allowable under the 2°C and 1.5°C targets, respectively, by 2030."Unabated, the livestock sector could take between 37% and 49% of the GHG budget allowable under the 2°C and 1.5°C targets, respectively, by 2030. Inaction in the livestock sector would require substantial GHG reductions, far beyond what are planned or realistic, from other sectors.”Harwatt, Helen. “Including Animal to Plant Protein Shifts in Climate Change Mitigation Policy: A Proposed Three-Step Strategy.” Climate Policy 19, no. 5 (May 28, 2019): 533–41. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14693062.2018.1528965. GlobalGreenhouse Gases, Emissions, EnvironmentEnvironmenthttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/10.1080/14693062.2018.152896https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/10.1080/14693062.2018.1528965Taylor & Francis Online2019Academic
The meat alternatives market globally will be worth $140 billion by 2029, up from $14 billion in 2019. “Alternative Meat | Barclays Investment Bank.” Accessed November 7, 2019. https://www.investmentbank.barclays.com/our-insights/carving-up-the-alternative-meat-market.html.GlobalMeat AlternativesAlt Proteinhttps://www.investmentbank.barclays.com/our-insights/carvinghttps://www.investmentbank.barclays.com/our-insights/carving-up-the-alternative-meat-market.htmlBarclays2019Asset Manager
Raising animals accounts for about 15% of the global total emissions."Agriculture-related industries are second only to energy in terms of emissions. Raising animals accounts for about 15% of the global total as cows belch out methane, while grazing and growing soy for animal feed contributes to deforestation."“After Taking on Coal and Oil, Climate Investors Target Meat Next.” Bloomberg.Com, December 13, 2019. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-taking-on-coal-and-oil-climate-investors-target-meat-next.GlobalEmissions, EnvironmentUncategorizedhttps://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-takhttps://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-13/after-taking-on-coal-and-oil-climate-investors-target-meat-nextBloomberg2019News
Dairy operations are coping with a challenging operating environment marked by continuing declines in consumer milk consumption.“Despite our best efforts to make our business more agile and cost-efficient, we continue to be impacted by a challenging operating environment marked by continuing declines in consumer milk consumption.” - CEO of Dean FoodsGlobalBankruptcy, Dairy,Uncategorizedhttps://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/dean-foods-company-https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/dean-foods-company-initiates-voluntary-reorganization-with-new-financial-support-from-existing-lenders-300956285.htmlPR Newswire2019News
$73.3 million has been invested in cell-based meat companies in 22 completed deals involving 70 unique investors.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Cell-based Meat." June 2019. GlobalPage 12The first deal occured in 2015, when Memphis Meats received pre-seed funding from IndieBio.Investment, Cultivated MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
GFI estimates that ground meat products like chicken nuggets, sausages, and ground beef will be be the first to reach cost-competitiveness with conventional meat.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Cell-based Meat." June 2019. GlobalPage 13Cost, Cultivated MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
The biggest cultivated meat deal to date was Memphis Meats’ $17 MM Series A round, which closed in August 2017.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Cell-based Meat." June 2019. GlobalPage 14It included strategic meat industry partners Tyson and Cargill, as well as Bill Gates and Richard Branson.Investment, Cultivated MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Investments in cultivated meat constitute only 6% of those made in plant-based food and 0.5% of those made in FoodTech.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Cell-based Meat." June 2019. GlobalPage 19In 2018, more than 5,000 times as much money was invested into cleantech ($264 B) compared to cell-based meat ($49 MM).Investment, Cultivated MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Cultivated beef is estimated to reduce land use by more than 95%.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Cell-based Meat." June 2019. GlobalPage 2Land Use, Cultivated Meat, BeefUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Cultivated beef is estimated to reduce climate change emissions by 74% to 87%.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Cell-based Meat." June 2019. GlobalPage 2Emissions, Environment, Cultivated Meat, BeefUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Cultivated beef is estimated to reduce nutrient pollution by 94%.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Cell-based Meat." June 2019. GlobalPage 2Cultivated Meat, Pollution, BeefUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Plant-based meat uses significantly less land than conventional meat."Plant-based meat uses 47%-99% less land than conventional meat (m2-yr-land/kg-meat)."The Good Food Institute. “Plant-Based Meat For A Growing World,” Accessed October 17, 2019. https://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfGlobalPage 1Land, EfficiencyUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfhttps://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfGFI2019NGO
Animal agriculture takes up 77% of all agricultural land on Earth despite supplying only 17% of humanity’s food supply.The Good Food Institute. “Plant-Based Meat For A Growing World,” Accessed October 17, 2019. https://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfGlobalPage 1Land UseUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfhttps://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfGFI2019NGO
Plant-based meats emit significantly less greenhouse gas emissions than conventional meat."Plant-based meat emits 30%-90% less greenhouse gas than conventional meat (kg-CO2-Eq/kg-meat)."The Good Food Institute. “Plant-Based Meat For A Growing World,” Accessed October 17, 2019. https://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfGlobalPage 2Greenhouse Gases, EfficiencyUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfhttps://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfGFI2019NGO
Plant-based meat uses 72% - 99% less water than conventional meat. The Good Food Institute. “Plant-Based Meat For A Growing World,” Accessed October 17, 2019. https://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfGlobalPage 2Water, Plant-based MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfhttps://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfGFI2019NGO
Plant-based meat causes 51% - 91% less aquatic nutrient pollution.The Good Food Institute. “Plant-Based Meat For A Growing World,” Accessed October 17, 2019. https://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfGlobalPage 2Plant-based Meat, Environment, PollutionUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfhttps://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfGFI2019NGO
The world’s 1.8 billion cattle account for just 2% of the globe’s vertebrate farmed animals.“Why Is Meat So Cheap?” Accessed January 3, 2020. https://us14.campaign-archive.com/?u=66df320da8400b581cbc1b539&id=d20cd35b72.GlobalCattle, CowsUncategorizedhttps://us14.campaign-archive.com/?u=66df320da8400b581cbc1b5https://us14.campaign-archive.com/?u=66df320da8400b581cbc1b539&id=d20cd35b72Open Philanthropy Project2019NGO
$73.3m has been invested in cell-based meat companies in the 5 years leading up to 2018.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.GlobalPage 36$720m has been invested in 2018 alone.Investment, Cultivated MeatUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
46% of the worldwide feed production into meat adds less than 7% to worldwide available food calories."Bearing in mind that meat has on average the same calories per kg as a mix of wheat, maize, rice, and soy beans, the conversion of the 46 percent of worldwide feed production into meat adds less than 7 percent to worldwide available food calories."“How Will Cultured Meat and Meat Alternatives Disrupt the Agricultural and Food Industry? - A.T. Kearney.” Accessed November 7, 2019. https://www.atkearney.com/retail/article/?/a/how-will-cultured-meat-and-meat-alternatives-disrupt-the-agricultural-and-food-industry.Global44 percent of today's global agricultural production (37 percent plus 7 percent) would be enough to feed most humans.Calories, Feed, Land UseUncategorizedhttps://www.atkearney.com/retail/article/?/a/how-will-culturhttps://www.atkearney.com/retail/article/?/a/how-will-cultured-meat-and-meat-alternatives-disrupt-the-agricultural-and-food-industryA.T. Kearney2019Other
Today's global harvest could feed twice as many humans if not fed to livestock."We could feed around twice as many humans with today’s global harvest if we did not feed livestock but rather consumed the yield ourselves."“How Will Cultured Meat and Meat Alternatives Disrupt the Agricultural and Food Industry? - A.T. Kearney.” Accessed November 7, 2019. https://www.atkearney.com/retail/article/?/a/how-will-cultured-meat-and-meat-alternatives-disrupt-the-agricultural-and-food-industry.GlobalCalories, Feed, Land UseUncategorizedhttps://www.atkearney.com/retail/article/?/a/how-will-culturhttps://www.atkearney.com/retail/article/?/a/how-will-cultured-meat-and-meat-alternatives-disrupt-the-agricultural-and-food-industryA.T. Kearney2019Other
Governments have been called on to limit animal agriculture subsidiesGlobalAdvocates, Subsidies,Uncategorizedhttps://www.foodandlandusecoalition.org/wp-content/uploads/2https://www.foodandlandusecoalition.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/FOLU-GrowingBetter-GlobalReport-SummaryReport.pdfFood and Land Use Coalition2019Other
There are major opportunities to reduce GHG emissions through the adoption of diets that prefer plant-based foods."Consumption of healthy and sustainable diets presents major opportunities for reducing GHG emissions from food systems and improving health outcomes (high confidence). Examples of healthy and sustainable diets are high in coarse grains, pulses, fruits and vegetables, and nuts and seeds; low in energy-intensive animal-sourced and discretionary foods (such as sugary beverages); and with a carbohydrate threshold."Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, An IPCC Special Report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems. IPCC, 2019. https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2019/08/Fullreport-1.pdf GlobalChapter 5-6Greenhouse Gases, Emissions, Plant-based DietUncategorizedhttps://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2019/08/Fullreport-1https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2019/08/Fullreport-1.pdfIPCC2019Intergovernmental Org
Article - A diet that is healthy for you and for the planetGlobalEnvironmentUncategorizedhttps://www.ft.com/content/b9ecaef0-be88-11e9-9381-78bab8a70https://www.ft.com/content/b9ecaef0-be88-11e9-9381-78bab8a70848Financial Times2019News
The world’s most commonly farmed fish species (shrimp, carp, and tilapia) had protein-adjusted carbon footprints higher than chicken, pork, and in some cases, beef.Hilborn, Ray, Jeannette Banobi, Stephen J. Hall, Teresa Pucylowski, and Timothy E. Walsworth. “The Environmental Cost of Animal Source Foods.” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 16, no. 6 (2018): 329–35. https://doi.org/10.1002/fee.1822. GlobalFish, EnvironmentUncategorizedhttps://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/fee.1822ESA2018Academic
Levies on meat could save over 220,000 lives and $40 billion in healthcare costs each year.GlobalPublic HealthUncategorizedhttps://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journalhttps://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0204139PLOS One2018Academic
The meat substitutes market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6.3% between 2018-2023."The meat substitutes market is estimated at USD 4.63 billion in 2018 and is projected to reach USD 6.3 billion by 2023. It is projected to grow at a CAGR of 6.8% during the study period." “Meat Substitutes Market by Type (Tofu & Tofu Ingredients, Tempeh, Textured Vegetable Protein (TVP), Seitan, and Quorn), Source (Soy, Wheat, and Mycoprotein), Category (Frozen, Refrigerated, and Shelf-Stable), and Region - Global Forecast to 2023.” Accessed November 19, 2019. https://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/3v9k3z/meat_substitutes?w=4.GlobalMeat Alternatives, Market ShareUncategorizedhttps://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/3v9k3z/meat_subshttps://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/3v9k3z/meat_substitutes?w=4Research and Markets2018Academic
The average global consumption of all meat has been estimated to be 122 g day−1. Godfray, H. Charles J., Paul Aveyard, Tara Garnett, Jim W. Hall, Timothy J. Key, Jamie Lorimer, Ray T. Pierrehumbert, Peter Scarborough, Marco Springmann, and Susan A. Jebb. “Meat Consumption, Health, and the Environment.” Science 361, no. 6399 (July 20, 2018). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aam5324.GlobalA third each is pork and poultry, a fifth is beef, and the remainder from sheep, goats, and other animals.Meat ConsumptionUncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324https://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324Science2018Academic
Total mortality rates are modestly higher in participants who have high intakes of both red and processed meat than in those with low meat intakes."In high-income Western countries, large prospective studies and meta-analyses generally show that total mortality rates are modestly higher in participants who have high intakes of both red and processed meat than in those with low meat intakes."Godfray, H. Charles J., Paul Aveyard, Tara Garnett, Jim W. Hall, Timothy J. Key, Jamie Lorimer, Ray T. Pierrehumbert, Peter Scarborough, Marco Springmann, and Susan A. Jebb. “Meat Consumption, Health, and the Environment.” Science 361, no. 6399 (July 20, 2018). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aam5324.GlobalHealth, Processed MeatUncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324https://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324Science2018Academic
34,000 cancer deaths per year worldwide are attributable to diets high in processed meat. "IARC estimates that 34,000 cancer deaths per year worldwide are attributable to diets high in processed meat, and if the reported associations with red meat were proven to be causal, then diets high in red meat could be responsible for 50,000 cancer deaths per year worldwide."Godfray, H. Charles J., Paul Aveyard, Tara Garnett, Jim W. Hall, Timothy J. Key, Jamie Lorimer, Ray T. Pierrehumbert, Peter Scarborough, Marco Springmann, and Susan A. Jebb. “Meat Consumption, Health, and the Environment.” Science 361, no. 6399 (July 20, 2018). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aam5324.GlobalHealth, Processed Meat, CancerUncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324https://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324Science2018Academic
High intakes of processed meat may also increase the risk for stomach cancer."High intakes of processed meat may also increase the risk for stomach cancer, but there is no strong evidence that it increases the risk for other types of cancer."Godfray, H. Charles J., Paul Aveyard, Tara Garnett, Jim W. Hall, Timothy J. Key, Jamie Lorimer, Ray T. Pierrehumbert, Peter Scarborough, Marco Springmann, and Susan A. Jebb. “Meat Consumption, Health, and the Environment.” Science 361, no. 6399 (July 20, 2018). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aam5324.GlobalHealth, Processed Meat, CancerUncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324https://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324Science2018Academic
Today’s food supply chain creates ~13.7 billion metric tons of CO2eq, 26% of anthropogenic GHG emissions.Poore, J., and T. Nemecek. “Reducing Food’s Environmental Impacts through Producers and Consumers.” Science 360, no. 6392 (June 1, 2018): 987–92. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaq0216.GlobalFood production creates ~32% of global terrestrial acidification and ~78% of eutrophication. Emissions, EnvironmentUncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987https://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987Science2018Academic
Today's agricultural system covers ~43% of the world’s ice- and desert-free land.Poore, J., and T. Nemecek. “Reducing Food’s Environmental Impacts through Producers and Consumers.” Science 360, no. 6392 (June 1, 2018): 987–92. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaq0216.GlobalOf this land, ~87% is for food.Land Use, Environment, AgricultureUncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987https://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987Science2018Academic
Moving from current diets to a diet that excludes animal products has the potential to reduce food’s land use by 76%. Poore, J., and T. Nemecek. “Reducing Food’s Environmental Impacts through Producers and Consumers.” Science 360, no. 6392 (June 1, 2018): 987–92. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaq0216.GlobalThis includes a 19% reduction in arable land.Land Use, Environment, Plant-based DietUncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987https://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987Science2018Academic
Moving from current diets to a diet that excludes animal products has the potential to reduce food’s GHG emissions by 49%.Poore, J., and T. Nemecek. “Reducing Food’s Environmental Impacts through Producers and Consumers.” Science 360, no. 6392 (June 1, 2018): 987–92. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaq0216.GlobalThis will also reduce acidification by 50% and eutrophication by 49%.Emissions, Environment, Plant-based DietUncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987https://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987Science2018Academic
The farm stage of food production represents 61% of food’s GHG emissions (81% including deforestation), 79% of acidification, and 95% of eutrophication.Poore, J., and T. Nemecek. “Reducing Food’s Environmental Impacts through Producers and Consumers.” Science 360, no. 6392 (June 1, 2018): 987–92. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaq0216.GlobalEmissions, EnvironmentUncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987https://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987Science2018Academic
Moving from current diets to a diet that excludes animal products has the potential to reduce scarcity-weighted freshwater withdrawals by 19%Poore, J., and T. Nemecek. “Reducing Food’s Environmental Impacts through Producers and Consumers.” Science 360, no. 6392 (June 1, 2018): 987–92. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaq0216.GlobalWater Use, Environment, Plant-based DietUncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987https://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987Science2018Academic
Meat, aquaculture, dairy, and eggs provide only 18% of our calories and 37% of our protein but use 83% of farmland and produce 56-58% of food's emissions.Poore, J., and T. Nemecek. “Reducing Food’s Environmental Impacts through Producers and Consumers.” Science 360, no. 6392 (June 1, 2018): 987–92. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaq0216.GlobalEmissions, Environment, Meat, Aquaculture, Dairy, EggsUncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987https://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987Science2018Academic
Meat produces more emissions per unit of energy compared with plant-based foods because energy is lost at each trophic level.Springmann, Marco, H. Charles J. Godfray, Mike Rayner, and Peter Scarborough. “Analysis and Valuation of the Health and Climate Change Cobenefits of Dietary Change.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, no. 15 (April 12, 2016): 4146–51. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1523119113.GlobalEmissions, Environment, Meat, Plant-based FoodUncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324https://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324Science2018Academic
Meat production results in the emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, and is the single most important source of methane.Springmann, Marco, H. Charles J. Godfray, Mike Rayner, and Peter Scarborough. “Analysis and Valuation of the Health and Climate Change Cobenefits of Dietary Change.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, no. 15 (April 12, 2016): 4146–51. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1523119113.GlobalEmissions, Environment, Meat, Carbon Dioxide, MethaneUncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324https://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324Science2018Academic
Quote: Bill McKibbin has called divestment the...“deepest challenge yet to the companies that have kept us on the path to climate destruction.”GlobalDivestment, QuoteUncategorizedhttps://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/dec/16/divesthttps://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/dec/16/divestment-fossil-fuel-industry-trillions-dollars-investments-carbonGuardian2018News
Emissions from food systems could be reduced by reducing the demand for meat and other livestock products."There is increasing agreement that overall emissions from food systems could be reduced by targeting the demand for meat and other livestock products."Coninck, Heleen de, Aromar Revi, Mustafa Babiker, Paolo Bertoldi, Marcos Buckeridge, Anton Cartwright, Wenjie Dong, et al. “Strengthening and Implementing the Global Response,” n.d., 132.GlobalEmissions, EnvironmentUncategorizedhttps://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/2/2019/02/SR15https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/2/2019/02/SR15_Chapter4_Low_Res.pdfIPCC2018Intergovernmental Org
High intakes of processed meat are associated with an increased risk for other chronic diseases, such as diabetes and weight gain in adults.Wolk, A. “Potential Health Hazards of Eating Red Meat.” Journal of Internal Medicine 281, no. 2 (2017): 106–22. https://doi.org/10.1111/joim.12543.GlobalHealth, Processed Meat, Diabetes, WeightUncategorizedhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27597529?dopt=Abstracthttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27597529?dopt=AbstractPubMed2017Academic
The top 5 meat and dairy companies worldwide (JBS, Tyson, Cargill, Dairy Farmers of America, and Fonterra Group) emit more GHG emissions than Exxon, Shell, or BP.“Big Meat and Dairy’s Supersized Climate Footprint.” Accessed October 25, 2019. https://www.iatp.org/supersized-climate-footprint.GlobalEmissions, EnvironmentUncategorizedhttps://www.iatp.org/supersized-climate-footprinthttps://www.iatp.org/supersized-climate-footprintIATP2017NGO
The top 20 meat and dairy companies worldwide emit more GHGs than Germany.“Big Meat and Dairy’s Supersized Climate Footprint.” Accessed October 25, 2019. https://www.iatp.org/supersized-climate-footprint.GlobalEmissions, EnvironmentUncategorizedhttps://www.iatp.org/supersized-climate-footprinthttps://www.iatp.org/supersized-climate-footprintIATP2017NGO
High intakes of processed meat (but not unprocessed red meat) are associated with a moderate increase in the risk for mortality from cardiovascular disease.Wang, Xia, Xinying Lin, Ying Y. Ouyang, Jun Liu, Gang Zhao, An Pan, and Frank B. Hu. “Red and Processed Meat Consumption and Mortality: Dose–Response Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies.” Public Health Nutrition 19, no. 5 (April 2016): 893–905. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980015002062.GlobalHealth, Processed Meat, Cardiovascular DiseaseUncategorizedhttps://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/public-health-nutrithttps://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/public-health-nutrition/article/red-and-processed-meat-consumption-and-mortality-doseresponse-metaanalysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies/C8A39FB2079E0A70FB9F89DC1EBC0448#Cambridge University Press2016Academic
The economic benefits of improving diets could be equal to $1–31 trillion.Springmann, Marco, H. Charles J. Godfray, Mike Rayner, and Peter Scarborough. “Analysis and Valuation of the Health and Climate Change Cobenefits of Dietary Change.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, no. 15 (April 12, 2016): 4146–51. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1523119113.GlobalEquivalent to 0.4–13% of GDP in 2050.Diet, SavingsUncategorizedhttps://www.pnas.org/content/113/15/4146#sec-1https://www.pnas.org/content/113/15/4146#sec-1PNAS2016Academic
Transitioning toward more plant-based diets that are in line with standard dietary guidelines could reduce global mortality by 6–10%.Springmann, Marco, H. Charles J. Godfray, Mike Rayner, and Peter Scarborough. “Analysis and Valuation of the Health and Climate Change Cobenefits of Dietary Change.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, no. 15 (April 12, 2016): 4146–51. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1523119113.GlobalThis is in comparison with a reference scenario in 2050Diet, MortalityUncategorizedhttps://www.pnas.org/content/113/15/4146#sec-1https://www.pnas.org/content/113/15/4146#sec-1PNAS2016Academic
Transitioning toward more plant-based diets that are in line with standard dietary guidelines could reduce food-related greenhouse gas emissions by 29–70%.Springmann, Marco, H. Charles J. Godfray, Mike Rayner, and Peter Scarborough. “Analysis and Valuation of the Health and Climate Change Cobenefits of Dietary Change.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, no. 15 (April 12, 2016): 4146–51. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1523119113.GlobalThis is in comparison with a reference scenario in 2050Diet, EmissionsUncategorizedhttps://www.pnas.org/content/113/15/4146#sec-1https://www.pnas.org/content/113/15/4146#sec-1PNAS2016Academic
The food system is responsible for more than a quarter of all GHG emissions, of which up to 80% are associated with livestock production.Springmann, Marco, H. Charles J. Godfray, Mike Rayner, and Peter Scarborough. “Analysis and Valuation of the Health and Climate Change Cobenefits of Dietary Change.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, no. 15 (April 12, 2016): 4146–51. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1523119113.GlobalEmissions, Environment, LivestockUncategorizedhttps://www.pnas.org/content/113/15/4146#sec-1https://www.pnas.org/content/113/15/4146#sec-1PNAS2016Academic
Transitioning from high meat to more plant-based diets might reduce global mortality rates by up to 10%."Model estimates that included individual risk coefficients for meat- and plant-based products found that transitioning from high meat to more plant-based diets might reduce global mortality rates by 6 to 10% if the associations modeled are causal."Springmann, Marco, H. Charles J. Godfray, Mike Rayner, and Peter Scarborough. “Analysis and Valuation of the Health and Climate Change Cobenefits of Dietary Change.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, no. 15 (April 12, 2016): 4146–51. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1523119113.GlobalHealth, Meat, MortalityUncategorizedhttps://www.pnas.org/content/113/15/4146?ijkey=2c37ab6ed261ehttps://www.pnas.org/content/113/15/4146?ijkey=2c37ab6ed261e78ef5a9010c208632167c519670&keytype2=tf_ipsecshaPNAS2016Academic
The World Bank estimates that antimicrobial resistance could push low-income countries to lose more than 5% of their GDP by 2050.World Bank. “By 2050, Drug-Resistant Infections Could Cause Global Economic Damage on Par with 2008 Financial Crisis.” Text/HTML. Accessed November 22, 2019. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2016/09/18/by-2050-drug-resistant-infections-could-cause-global-economic-damage-on-par-with-2008-financial-crisis.GlobalAntibiotics, GDPUncategorizedhttps://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2016/09/18/bhttps://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2016/09/18/by-2050-drug-resistant-infections-could-cause-global-economic-damage-on-par-with-2008-financial-crisisWorld Bank2016Intergovernmental Org
The World Bank estimates that antimicrobial resistance could push up to 28 million people into poverty by 2050.World Bank. “By 2050, Drug-Resistant Infections Could Cause Global Economic Damage on Par with 2008 Financial Crisis.” Text/HTML. Accessed November 22, 2019. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2016/09/18/by-2050-drug-resistant-infections-could-cause-global-economic-damage-on-par-with-2008-financial-crisis.GlobalAntibiotics, PovertyUncategorizedhttps://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2016/09/18/bhttps://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2016/09/18/by-2050-drug-resistant-infections-could-cause-global-economic-damage-on-par-with-2008-financial-crisisWorld Bank2016Intergovernmental Org
Animal welfare regulation is intensifyingGlobalLegislationUncategorizedhttps://blog.humanesociety.org/2014/11/brazil-gestation-crathttps://blog.humanesociety.org/2014/11/brazil-gestation-crates.htmlHSI2014NGO
14.5% of all human caused GHG emissions came from livestock."Total emissions from global livestock: 7.1 Gigatonnes of Co2-equiv per year, representing 14.5 percent of all anthropogenic GHG emissions." “FAO - News Article: Key Facts and Findings.” Accessed September 17, 2019. http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/197623/icode/.GlobalGreenhouse Gases, Emissions, EnvironmentUncategorizedhttp://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/197623/icode/http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/197623/icode/FAO2006Intergovernmental Org
The expansion of livestock production is a key factor in deforestation."Expansion of livestock production is a key factor in deforestation, especially in Latin America where the greatest amount of deforestation is occurring – 70 percent of previous forested land in the Amazon is occupied by pastures, and feed crops cover a large part of the remainder."FAO, Henning Steinfeld, T. Wassenaar, V. Castel, Mauricio Rosales, C. de Haan, and Pierre Gerber. “Livestock’s Long Shadow,” 2006. http://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdf.GlobalPage xxiDeforestation, Land, BiodiversityUncategorizedhttp://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdfhttp://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdfFAO2006Intergovernmental Org
26% of the planet’s ice-free land is used for livestock grazing."The livestock sector is by far the single largest anthropogenic user of land. The total area occupied by grazing is equivalent to 26 percent of the ice-free terrestrial surface of the planet. In addition, the total area dedicated to feedcrop production amounts to 33 percent of total arable land. In all, livestock production accounts for 70 percent of all agricultural land and 30 percent of the land surface of the planet."FAO, Henning Steinfeld, T. Wassenaar, V. Castel, Mauricio Rosales, C. de Haan, and Pierre Gerber. “Livestock’s Long Shadow,” 2006. http://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdf.GlobalPage xxiLandUncategorizedhttp://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdfhttp://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdfFAO2006Intergovernmental Org
The livestock sector is a key player in increasing water use."The livestock sector is a key player in increasing water use, accounting for over 8 percent of global human water use, mostly for the irrigation of feedcrops."FAO, Henning Steinfeld, T. Wassenaar, V. Castel, Mauricio Rosales, C. de Haan, and Pierre Gerber. “Livestock’s Long Shadow,” 2006. http://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdf.GlobalPage xxiiWater, Animal AgricultureUncategorizedhttp://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdfhttp://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdfFAO2006Intergovernmental Org
Recreational fish catch rates are independent of density."Modern technology and the increase in the human population have since reduced the effectiveness of the refuge in scarcity and the rate of take by recreational fishing is now becoming density independent."Birkeland, Charles, and Paul K. Dayton. “The Importance in Fishery Management of Leaving the Big Ones.” Trends in Ecology & Evolution 20, no. 7 (July 1, 2005): 356–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2005.03.015GlobalFishUncategorizedhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2005.03.015https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2005.03.015CellPress2005Academic
Resource: Business Benchmark on Farm Animal WelfareOffers asset managers additional resources they can leverage to assess and incorporate animal-welfare-related risks and opportunities into their investment strategiesGlobalFinance, animal welfareUncategorizedhttps://bbfaw.com/https://bbfaw.com/Business Benchmark on Farm Animal WelfareNGO
Global Investor Collaboration on Farm Animal Welfare “encourage major global food companies to strengthen their management systems and processes on farm animal welfare.”GlobalInvestorsUncategorizedhttps://bbfaw.com/investors/investor-collaboration/https://bbfaw.com/investors/investor-collaboration/Business Benchmark on Farm Animal WelfareNGO
30+ Asset managers representing over $2 trillion in assets are signatories to BBFAW’s Global Investor Statement on Farm Animal WelfareGlobalFinance, animal welfareUncategorizedhttps://bbfaw.com/media/1532/bbfaw-investor-statement.pdfhttps://bbfaw.com/media/1532/bbfaw-investor-statement.pdfBusiness Benchmark on Farm Animal WelfareNGO
Antimicrobial resistance will be responsible for 10 million deaths per year by 2050, with a $100 trillion impact on economic output.“The Antimicrobial Resistance Crisis – Antimicrobialsworkinggroup.Org,” accessed October 22, 2019, https://www.antimicrobialsworkinggroup.org/antimicrobial-resistance/.GlobalThis is nearly 2 million more than would die from cancer.AntibioticsUncategorizedhttps://www.antimicrobialsworkinggroup.org/antimicrobial-reshttps://www.antimicrobialsworkinggroup.org/antimicrobial-resistance/Antimicrobials Working GroupOther
There are 117 infections and transmissible illnesses affecting factory-farmed animals around the globeOIE, “OIE-Listed diseases, infections and infestations in force in 2020,” accessed June 5, 2020, https://www.oie.int/en/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2020/.GlobalDiseaseUncategorizedhttps://www.oie.int/en/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2020/OIE2020
The Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) declared the swine fever virus “the biggest threat to any commercial livestock of our generation"The Guardian, “Quarter of world's pig population 'to die due to African swine fever',” October 31, 2019, accessed June 10, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/31/quarter-of-worlds-pig-population-to-die-of-african-swine-fever.GlobalDiseaseUncategorizedhttps://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/31/quarter-of-worlds-pig-population-to-die-of-african-swine-feverGuardian
Animal-disease outbreaks disrupt factory farming operations’ access to global marketsFood Safety News, “Highly pathogenic avian flu in SC turkey flock is no threat to human health,” April 15,2020, accessed June 15, 2020, https://www.foodsafetynews.com/2020/04/highly-pathogenic-avian-flu-in-sc-turkey-flock-is-no-threat-to-human-health/.GlobalDiseaseUncategorizedhttps://www.foodsafetynews.com/2020/04/highly-pathogenic-avian-flu-in-sc-turkey-flock-is-no-threat-to-human-health/.Food Safety News
Governments of Canada, Spain, Singapore, and Saudi Arabia have all partnered with private industry to advance the development of alternative protein technologies and product distributionSee: Canada (https://www.narcity.com/news/ca/on/ottawa/an-investment-of-almost-dollar100-million-will-go-to-plant-based-food-says-trudeau); Singapore (https://thespoon.tech/future-food-beyond-impossible-investment-is-heating-up-throughout-the-alt-protein-space/); Spain (https://www.plantbasednews.org/lifestyle/spanish-government-invests-in-plant-based-meat); Saudi Arabia (https://www.unibio.dk/press-release-saudi-arabia-takes-a-step-towards-a-future-in-sustainable-proteins/), China (https://www.chinausfocus.com/energy-environment/embracing-plant-based-meat-in-the-chinese-market#:~:text=According%20to%20a%20study%20published,year%20increase%20of%2014.2%20percent; https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-asia-food/asia-pivots-toward-plants-for-protein-as-coronavirus-stirs-meat-safety-fears-idUSKCN224047). GlobalIndustry DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://www.narcity.com/news/ca/on/ottawa/an-investment-of-almost-dollar100-million-will-go-to-plant-based-food-says-trudeauNarcity2019
Plant-based meats are expected to comprise 10% of the total global meat supply by 2025 and 60% by 2040AT Kearney, as quoted in Yanniv Dorone and Ag Funder, “The Investment Case for Alternative Protein,” October 31, 2019GlobalIndustry DisruptionUncategorized2019
Alternative dairy is expected to account for 7% of global share by 2025 AP News, “Global Dairy Market Size, Industry Report and Outlook 2019-2024,” February 19, 2020, accessed June 5, 2020, https://apnews.com/c28084ed1349566f0f7722cf2d282f59#:~:text=Global%20Dairy%20Market%20Size%2C%20Industry%20Report%20and%20Outlook%202019%2D2024,-February%2019%2C%202020&text=Sheridan%2C%20Wyoming%2C%20USA%2C%20Feb,US%24%20673.8%20Billion%20in%202018.; Grand View Research, “Dairy Alternatives Markey Worth $41.06 Billion by 2025| CAGR: 16.7%, January 2019, accessed June 5, 2020,GlobalIndustry DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://apnews.com/c28084ed1349566f0f7722cf2d282f59#:~:text=Global%20Dairy%20Market%20Size%2C%20Industry%20Report%20and%20Outlook%202019%2D2024,-February%2019%2C%202020&text=Sheridan%2C%20Wyoming%2C%20USA%2C%20Feb,US%24%20673.8%20Billion%20in%202018.;Ap News2019
The influx of new food technologies will see factory farming revenues decline by 90% by 2035GlobalIndustry DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://www.rethinkx.com/food-and-agriculture#food-and-agriculture-downloadRethinkX2019
According to Impossible Foods, all factory farming revenues will disappear by 2035GlobalIndustry DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://www.plantbasednews.org/lifestyle/we-can-end-animal-agriculture-2035Plant Based News2019
Zoonotic diseases represent at least 61% of total human pathogens and 75% of novel pathogens that have emerged since the mid-1990sGlobalHuman EpidemicsUncategorizedhttps://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/diseases/zoonoses/en/WHO2020
Covid-19 is believed to be a virus that originated from a live animal market in Wuhan, ChinaGlobalHuman EpidemicsUncategorizedhttps://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/04/countries-reported-coronavirus-cases-200412093314762.htmlAl Jazeera2020
Covid-19 originated from animals and caused the world's largest global economic recession since World War IIGlobalHuman EpidemicsUncategorizedhttps://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/06/08/covid-19-to-plunge-global-economy-into-worst-recession-since-world-war-iiWorld Bank2020
The DOW, NASDAQ and S&P 500 all recorded historic lows during the zoonotic coronavirus pandemicGlobalHuman EpidemicsUncategorizedhttps://www.marketwatch.com/story/as-dow-wipes-out-over-3-years-of-stock-market-gains-heres-a-warning-about-calling-the-bottom-2020-03-21Market Watch2020
Infectious diseases could still arise easily from factory farms causing further pandemicsGlobalHuman EpidemicsUncategorizedhttps://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/06/swine-flu-strain-human-pandemic-potential-increasingly-found-pigs-chinaScience Mag2020
Climate disasters rank among the potentially extremely financially disruptive events that could be behind the next systemic financial crisis.GlobalClimate DisastersUncategorizedhttps://www.bis.org/publ/othp31.pdfBIS2020
A carbon-emitting entity that is unable to adapt to regulations, technological breakthroughs or limitations, reputational impacts, or shifts in market preferences and social norms puts its investors’ holdings at riskGlobalClimate DisastersUncategorizedhttps://www.bis.org/publ/othp31.pdfBIS2020
The factory farming industry each year contributes an estimated 37% of global greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs)GlobalClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://www.academia.edu/39416397/Thesis_ANIMAL_AGRICULTURES_CONTRIBUTIONS_TO_CLIMATE_CHANGE_Nicholas_Carter?ssrv=cAcademia.edu2019
Factory farming causes more emissions than all forms of human transportation combinedGlobalClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://www.academia.edu/39416397/Thesis_ANIMAL_AGRICULTURES_CONTRIBUTIONS_TO_CLIMATE_CHANGE_Nicholas_Carter?ssrv=cAcademia.edu2019
Factory farming is also the leading industrial emitter of both methane and nitrous oxideGlobalClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://unfccc.int/news/new-methane-signs-underline-urgency-to-reverse-emissionsUNFCCC2014
Methane and Nitrous Oxide have a more destabilizing effect on climate than carbon dioxideGlobalClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://unfccc.int/news/new-methane-signs-underline-urgency-to-reverse-emissionsUNFCCC2014
Industrialized animal agriculture is also the leading cause of deforestationGlobalClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://www.ucsusa.org/resources/soybeansUCSUSA2015
Each year, the world’s largest meat, dairy, and egg producers contribute to the clearing of millions of acres of tropical forest for livestock grazing and soy productionGlobalClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://www.ucsusa.org/resources/soybeansUCSUSA2015
70 to 75 percent of food produced becomes feed for billions of factory-farmed chickens, pigs, and fishGlobalClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://www.ucsusa.org/resources/soybeansUCSUSA2015
Forest destruction releases sufficient carbon into the atmosphere to make deforestation responsible for 10 to 15 percent of total global greenhouse gas emissionsGlobalClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://www.cdp.net/en/forestsCDP2020
Animal agriculture’s total contribution to carbon in atmosphere is between 20 and 30 percentGlobalClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://www.cdp.net/en/forestsCDP2020
McDonalds recently announced its commitment to a 31% reduction in emissions intensity across its supply chain by 2030GlobalClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://corporate.mcdonalds.com/corpmcd/scale-for-good/climate-action.htmlMcDonalds2020
Walmart announced that it will leverage the company’s emissions reduction toolkit to reduce emissions by one gigaton by 2030GlobalClimate ChangeUncategorizedWalmart2017
KFC launched the development of innovative 3D bioprinting technology to create chicken meatGlobalClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://global.kfc.com/press-release/meat-of-the-future-kfc-and-3d-bioprinting-solutions-to-use-a-bioprinter-to-produce-kfc-nuggetsKFC2020
Creating meat from cultured cells has allows energy consumption to be cut by more than half, greenhouse gas emissions to be reduced 25 fold and 100 times less land to be used than traditional farm-based meat productionGlobalClimate ChangeUncategorizedhttps://global.kfc.com/press-release/meat-of-the-future-kfc-and-3d-bioprinting-solutions-to-use-a-bioprinter-to-produce-kfc-nuggetsKFC2020
Antibiotic resistance kills 700K people each year. By 2050, the number could be 10M.GlobalAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/antibiotic-resistanceWHO2020
WHO called antibiotic resistance one of the biggest threats to global health, food security, and development todayGlobalAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/antibiotic-resistanceWHO2020
Globally, drug-resistant diseases kill 700,000 people each yearGlobalAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://www.un.org/pga/74/event/high-level-interactive-dialogue-on-antimicrobial-resistance/#:~:text=In%20September%202016%2C%20the%20UN,General%20Assembly%20on%20antimicrobial%20resistance%E2%80%9DUN2020
If no action is taken, drug-resistant diseases could cause 10 million deaths each year by 2050 and damage to the economy as catastrophic as the 2008--2009 global financial crisis.GlobalAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://www.un.org/pga/74/event/high-level-interactive-dialogue-on-antimicrobial-resistance/#:~:text=In%20September%202016%2C%20the%20UN,General%20Assembly%20on%20antimicrobial%20resistance%E2%80%9DUN2020
The World Bank’s projections include that by 2050, global GDP and total global exports will decline by 1.1% to 3.8%GlobalAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2016/09/18/by-2050-drug-resistant-infections-could-cause-global-economic-damage-on-par-with-2008-financial-crisisWorld Bank2016
Healthcare costs are expected to increase by $300B to $1T by 2050GlobalAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2016/09/18/by-2050-drug-resistant-infections-could-cause-global-economic-damage-on-par-with-2008-financial-crisisWorld Bank2016
Livestock production is expected to decrease by 2.6% to 7.5% by 2050GlobalAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2016/09/18/by-2050-drug-resistant-infections-could-cause-global-economic-damage-on-par-with-2008-financial-crisisWorld Bank2016
Dangerously high levels of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) risk wiping $100 trillion off potential global output by 2050GlobalAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://www.avivainvestors.com/en-gb/views/aiq-investment-thinking/2016/11/rise-of-the-superbug-not-just-a-health-risk/Aviva Investors2016
Major buyers have committed to reduce the level of antibiotic use in their supply chains, which will put pressure on factory farming supplier conglomeratesGlobalAntibiotic ResistanceUncategorizedhttps://www.fairr.org/article/improving-antibiotics-stewardship-in-livestock-supply-chains/Fairr2019
Consumer demand has driven shifts in industry practices such as eliminating the use of gestation cratesGlobalAnimal WelfareUncategorizedhttps://www.sasb.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Meat_Poultry_Dairy_Standard_2018.pdfSASB2018
Countries that produce large quantities of conventional animal products and inputs to animal farming like Brazil are particularly vulnerable to "serious economic shock"."Major producers of animal products are at risk of a serious economic shock. Countries that produce large quantities of conventional animal products and inputs to animal farming like Brazil, where more than 21% of GDP comes from agriculture – 7% of which is from livestock alone – are particularly vulnerable."Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.Global, BrazilPage 8Revenue, EconomicsUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
50% of Indian consumers are very or extremely likely to purchase cultivated meat regularly. 61% of Indian consumers are very or extremely likely to try cultivated meat."A 2018 survey of 3,030 consumers found that 30% of U.S. consumers, 59% of Chinese consumers, and 50% of Indian consumers were very or extremely likely to purchase cell-based meat regularly."The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Cell-based Meat." June 2019. IndiaPage 11Consumer Perception, Cultivated MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
94% of all farmed animals slaughtered in India in 2017-18 were chickens."Basic Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Statistics 2018." Government of India. September 2018. http://dadf.gov.in/sites/default/filess/BAH%20%26%20 Fisheries%20Statistics%20Book%20engl.%20%282%29.pdf IndiaPages 55-56ChickenUncategorizedhttp://dadf.gov.in/sites/default/filess/BAH%20%26%20Fisheriehttp://dadf.gov.in/sites/default/filess/BAH%20%26%20Fisheries%20Statistics%20Book%20engl.%20%282%29.pdf GoI2018Government
India’s livestock sector contributes approximately 4.6% to the country’s GDP and 25.8% to its agricultural GDP."Basic Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Statistics 2018." Government of India. September 2018. http://dadf.gov.in/sites/default/filess/BAH%20%26%20Fisheries%20Statistics%20Book%20engl.%20%282%29.pdf IndiaPage 115Livestock, EconomyUncategorizedhttp://dadf.gov.in/sites/default/filess/BAH%20%26%20Fisheriehttp://dadf.gov.in/sites/default/filess/BAH%20%26%20Fisheries%20Statistics%20Book%20engl.%20%282%29.pdf GoI2018Government
Survey estimates show that between 23% and 37% of the population of India is vegetarian.“‘Provincialising’ Vegetarianism.” Economic and Political Weekly 53, no. 9 (June 5, 2015): 7–8.IndiaVegetarianUncategorizedhttps://www.epw.in/journal/2018/9/special-articles/provinciahttps://www.epw.in/journal/2018/9/special-articles/provincialising-vegetarianism.html Economic and Political Weekly2018News
India has been the world's largest producer of milk since 1997.“A Study of India’s Dairy Sector 2017: The World’s Largest Producer and Consumer - Research and Markets,” January 2, 2018. https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20180102005671/en/Study-Indias-Dairy-Sector-2017-Worlds-Largest.IndiaMilk, ProductionUncategorizedhttps://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20180102005671/en/Stuhttps://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20180102005671/en/Study-Indias-Dairy-Sector-2017-Worlds-LargestSmart Research Insights2017News
Vaccination schedules in Indian dairies are often not followed, which leads to outbreak of lethal diseases."Vaccination schedules are not followed, which leads to outbreak of lethal diseases such a Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) and Black Quarter disease.""Cattle-ogue: Unveiling the Truth of the Indian Dairy Industry." October 2017. http://www.fiapo.org/fiaporg/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/National-Dairy-Report-2017.pdfIndiaCows, DairyUncategorizedhttp://www.fiapo.org/fiaporg/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Natihttp://www.fiapo.org/fiaporg/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/National-Dairy-Report-2017.pdfFIAPO2017NGO
Dehorning and disbudding is mainly practiced on non-native cow species with hot iron rods and chemicals without pain relief."De- horning as well as disbudding is mainly practiced on non-native cow species with hot iron rods and chemicals and without any form of anaesthetic or pain relief.""Cattle-ogue: Unveiling the Truth of the Indian Dairy Industry." October 2017. http://www.fiapo.org/fiaporg/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/National-Dairy-Report-2017.pdfIndiaCows, DairyUncategorizedhttp://www.fiapo.org/fiaporg/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Natihttp://www.fiapo.org/fiaporg/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/National-Dairy-Report-2017.pdfFIAPO2017NGO
Only 14.3% of the dairies surveyed by FIAPO across 10 states in India were registered under the required laws. "Cattle-ogue: Unveiling the Truth of the Indian Dairy Industry." October 2017. http://www.fiapo.org/fiaporg/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/National-Dairy-Report-2017.pdfIndiaCows, DairyUncategorizedhttp://www.fiapo.org/fiaporg/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Natihttp://www.fiapo.org/fiaporg/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/National-Dairy-Report-2017.pdfFIAPO2017NGO
60.3% of the dairies surveyed by FIAPO across 10 states in India used the practice of restraining cattle on their hind legs. "Cattle-ogue: Unveiling the Truth of the Indian Dairy Industry." October 2017. http://www.fiapo.org/fiaporg/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/National-Dairy-Report-2017.pdfIndiaCows, DairyUncategorizedhttp://www.fiapo.org/fiaporg/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Natihttp://www.fiapo.org/fiaporg/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/National-Dairy-Report-2017.pdfFIAPO2017NGO
In India, it is estimated that between 2.6 billion and 14.2 billion fish are killed every year. "Estimated numbers of individuals in aquaculture production (FAO) of fish species (2017)." Accessed November 6, 2019. http://fishcount.org.uk/studydatascreens2/2017/numbers-of-farmed-fish-B0-2017.php?countrysort=India%2Fsort2.IndiaFishUncategorizedhttp://fishcount.org.uk/studydatascreens2/2017/numbers-of-fahttp://fishcount.org.uk/studydatascreens2/2017/numbers-of-farmed-fish-B0-2017.php?countrysort=India%2Fsort2Fishcount2017NGO
Prior familiarity and openness to trying new foods are strong predictors of acceptance of cultivated meat."There are a number of demographic and attitudinal predictors of acceptance, which vary across cultures, but prior familiarity and an openness to trying new foods have both been shown to be strong predictors of acceptance cross-culturally."The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Cell-based Meat." June 2019. India, China, United StatesPage 11Consumer Perception, Cultivated MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
The top 5 producers of eggs in the world are China, USA, India, Mexico, and Japan, respectively.“FAOSTAT,” accessed November 5, 2019, http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QL/visualize.India, China, United States, Mexico, JapanEggsUncategorizedhttp://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QL/visualizehttp://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QL/visualizeFAO2017Intergovernmental Org
2 in 5 urban Indonesians followed a plant-based diet in 2018."Mintel research concluded that “Asia is a hot market for new alternative meat formats” and found that “over two in five urban Indonesians followed a plant-based/vegetarian/vegan diet in 2018."FAIRR. “Appetite for Disruption: How Leading Food Companies Are Responding to the Alternative Protein Boom | Reports.” Accessed October 17, 2019. https://www.fairr.org/article/appetite-for-disruption-how-leading-food-companies-are-responding-to-the-alternative-protein-boom/.IndonesiaMeat Consumption, Plant-based DietUncategorizedhttps://www.fairr.org/article/appetite-for-disruption-how-lehttps://www.fairr.org/article/appetite-for-disruption-how-leading-food-companies-are-responding-to-the-alternative-protein-boom/FAIRR2019NGO
71% of Amazon deforestation was driven by increased demand for pasture ​in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Venezuela, Colombia, and Peru between 1990 and 2005."Pasture was the dominant driver of forest area (71.2%) and related carbon loss (71.6%) in South America, followed by commercial cropland (14% and 12.1% respectively)." V. De Sy et al., “Land Use Patterns and Related Carbon Losses Following Deforestation in South America,” Environmental Research Letters​ 10, no. 12 (November 2015), https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/10/12/124004/meta; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, ​ State of the World’s Forests 2016: Forests and Agriculture: Land-Use Challenges and Opportunities​ (Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2016), 20.South America, Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru DeforestationUncategorizedhttps://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/10/12/1https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/10/12/124004/metaIOPScience2015Academic
3 in 5 urban Thais avoid red meat due to health reasons.FAIRR. “Appetite for Disruption: How Leading Food Companies Are Responding to the Alternative Protein Boom | Reports.” Accessed October 17, 2019. https://www.fairr.org/article/appetite-for-disruption-how-leading-food-companies-are-responding-to-the-alternative-protein-boom/.ThailandConsumptionUncategorizedhttps://www.fairr.org/article/appetite-for-disruption-how-lehttps://www.fairr.org/article/appetite-for-disruption-how-leading-food-companies-are-responding-to-the-alternative-protein-boom/FAIRR2019NGO
Work in factory farms are dangerous"New figures show Britain’s meat processing plants and abattoirs have a shocking safety record."United KingdomLaborUncategorizedhttps://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/stories/2018-07-29/uk-https://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/stories/2018-07-29/uk-meat-plant-injuriesThe Bureau of Investigative Journalism2018
Farms are the largest contributor to air pollution damages from PM2.5-related emissions.Tschofen, Peter, Inês L. Azevedo, and Nicholas Z. Muller. “Fine Particulate Matter Damages and Value Added in the US Economy.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116, no. 40 (October 1, 2019): 19857–62. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1905030116.United StatesPage 1Pollution, Farms, PM2.5Environmenthttps://www.pnas.org/content/116/40/19857.fullhttps://www.pnas.org/content/116/40/19857.fullPNAS2019Academic
The gross economic damages (GED) to value added (VA) ratio within the agriculture sector is highest for the poultry industry, ranging between 3 and 7."Whereas the GED/VA ratio was 0.72 for the group of crop producing industries in 2014, it was 2.0 for animal production in that year. However, preliminary calculations indicate that the GED/VA ratio within this group is highest for the poultry industry with an estimated range of 3 to 7."Tschofen, Peter, Inês L. Azevedo, and Nicholas Z. Muller. “Fine Particulate Matter Damages and Value Added in the US Economy.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116, no. 40 (October 1, 2019): 19857–62. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1905030116.United StatesPage 6Poultry, Economic DamageFinancehttps://www.pnas.org/content/116/40/19857.fullhttps://www.pnas.org/content/116/40/19857.fullPNAS2019Academic
NYC will phase out the purchase of processed meatUnited StatesCities, Boycott, Deforestation, antiprocurementUncategorizedhttps://www1.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/news/209-19/action-https://www1.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/news/209-19/action-global-warming-nyc-s-green-new-deal#/0NYC.gov2019Government
Animal protection groups sue the USDAUnited StatesAdvocates, USDA, Pigs, Slaughterhouse, LitigationUncategorizedhttps://apnews.com/d29689de21b841eda42635e5afdd9952https://apnews.com/d29689de21b841eda42635e5afdd9952AP News2019News
Agriculture is one of the most polluting industries per dollar in the United States.“Agriculture emissions remain stubbornly high and exhibit a flat trend, making agriculture one of the most polluting industries per dollar in the United States right now.”McMahon, Jeff. “Animal Agriculture Costs More In Health Damage Than It Contributes To The Economy.” Forbes. Accessed January 3, 2020. https://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffmcmahon/2020/12/30/animal-agriculture-costs-more-in-health-damage-than-it-contributes-to-the-economy/United StatesAgriculture, Pollution, Economic DamageUncategorizedhttps://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffmcmahon/2020/12/30/animal-ahttps://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffmcmahon/2020/12/30/animal-agriculture-costs-more-in-health-damage-than-it-contributes-to-the-economy/#7ff811a42e09Forbes2019News
Unions sue USDAUnited StatesLabor, Unions, USDA, PigsUncategorizedhttps://www.latimes.com/business/story/2019-10-07/unions-suehttps://www.latimes.com/business/story/2019-10-07/unions-sue-usda-over-pork-processing-ruleLA Times2019News
Shareholders express concern about animal welfare practices"“McDonald’s risk lagging behind its competitors and misaligning its practices with consumer demand,” wrote DiNapoli, who as comptroller is the trustee of the New York State pension fund owns nearly $344 million worth of McDonald’s shares."United StatesAnimal Welfare, Cities, Pension,Uncategorizedhttps://www.restaurantbusinessonline.com/financing/new-yorkshttps://www.restaurantbusinessonline.com/financing/new-yorks-comptroller-wants-mcdonalds-treat-chickens-betterRestaurant Businesses Online2019News
30% of US consumers are very or extremely likely to purchase cultivated meat regularly. "A 2018 survey of 3,030 consumers found that 30% of U.S. consumers, 59% of Chinese consumers, and 50% of Indian consumers were very or extremely likely to purchase cell-based meat regularly."The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Cell-based Meat." June 2019. United StatesPage 11Consumer Perception, Cultivated MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
33% of US consumers are very or extremely likely to try cultivated meat.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Cell-based Meat." June 2019. United StatesPage 11Consumer Perception, Cultivated MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
There were 46 completed deals for plant-based food investments in 2018."Deal count continued to rise, reaching 46 completed deals totaling in 2018, a 39% increase from the previous year."The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 10Plant-based Food, InvestmentUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
$673 million was invested in the plant-based food industry in 2018The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 10Although capital invested decreased from 2017-2018, the deal count continued to rise. Plant-based Food, InvestmentUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Venture capital was the most common type of funding in plant-based ventures in 2018."In 2018, venture capital was the most common type of funding, representing 43% of the total number of completed deals." The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 11Plant-based Food, InvestmentUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Individual investments comprised 24% of deals in plant-based ventures in 2018. "Individual (angel) investments also were common, comprising 24% of deals, followed by corporate investments (11%), private equity (7%), and debt financing (4%)."The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 11Plant-based Food, InvestmentUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Corporate investments comprised 11% of deals in plant-based ventures in 2018. "Individual (angel) investments also were common, comprising 24% of deals, followed by corporate investments (11%), private equity (7%), and debt financing (4%)."The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 11Plant-based Food, InvestmentUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Private equity financing comprised 7% of deals in plant-based ventures in 2018."Individual (angel) investments also were common, comprising 24% of deals, followed by corporate investments (11%), private equity (7%), and debt financing (4%)."The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 11Plant-based Food, InvestmentUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Debt financing comprised 4% of all deals in plant-based ventures in 2018."Individual (angel) investments also were common, comprising 24% of deals, followed by corporate investments (11%), private equity (7%), and debt financing (4%)."The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 11Plant-based Food, InvestmentUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
The largest plant-based acquisition to date has been the $12.5 billion acquisition of the plant-based milk market leader WhiteWave Foods by Danone in 2017.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 17Plant-based Food, Investment, AcquisitionUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
In the 10 years leading up to 2018, there have been 19 acquisitions of plant-based companies. The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 1710 of these acquisitions have occurred in 2017 and 2018.Plant-based Food, Investment, AcquisitionUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
U.S. retail sales of plant-based food have grown 17% in 2017-18 to more than $3.7 billion.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 19In comparison, total U.S. retail food sales grew just 2% during the same time period. Plant-based Food, RetailUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Plant-based milk represents 13% of the total US retail milk market.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 19The largest and most developed plant-based category is plant-based milk, accounting for $1.8 billion in salesPlant-based Milk, RetailUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
The plant-based meat market has grown 23% in 2017-18, and is worth $684 million.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 19This represents just under 1% of the total U.S. retail meat market.Plant-based Meat, RetailUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
More than 1 in 3 households in the US purchase plant-based milk. "Plant-based milk has a household penetration rate of 37%, meaning more than 1 in 3 U.S. households purchase plant-based milk."The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 21Plant-based MilkUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Plant-based meat has a household penetration of 12% in the US. "Plant-based meat has a household penetration rate of 12%, up 1.4 points from just one year ago — an additional 1.8 million households." The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 21Plant-based MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
1/3rd of U.S. consumers are very or extremely likely to purchase plant-based meat.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 23Among this high purchase intent group, 3% were vegan or vegetarian, 13% were light meat eaters (less than once per day), 50% were medium meat eaters (1-2 times per day), and 34% were heavy meat eaters (more than twice per day).Plant-based MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Menu penetration of "vegan" on U.S. menus has grown 490% since 2008, up to 11.2% of U.S. menus.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 26Vegan, Menu, RestaurantUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Plant-based dishes saw a 19% increase in orders in restaurants in 2017. The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 26Plant-based bean burritos were the fastest-growing item of 2018.Plant-based FoodUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Private-label products comprise 15% of the plant-based milk market.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 6Plant-based MilkUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
Private-label products comprise 1.4% of the plant-based meat market.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 6Plant-based MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
The top 9 brands plus private label comprise 91% and 95% of plant-based meat and milk retail sales.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 6Plant-based Milk, Plant-based MeatUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
The top 10 plant-based cheese brands make up 97% of the market.The Good Food Institute. "State of the Industry Report: Plant-based Meat, Eggs, and Dairy." June 2019. United StatesPage 6Plant-based CheeseUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/industryhttps://www.gfi.org/industryGFI2019NGO
In the United States, over 70% of medically relevant antibiotics are used in animal agriculture. The Good Food Institute. “Plant-Based Meat For A Growing World,” Accessed October 17, 2019. https://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfUnited StatesPage 3Plant-based meat requires no antibiotics at all.AntibioticsUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfhttps://www.gfi.org/files/pb-meat-sustainability.pdfGFI2019NGO
Grocery sales of plant-based foods have increased by 31% in the 2 years preceding 2019."New SPINS retail sales data released July 16, 2019 shows that grocery sales of plant-based foods that directly replace animal products have grown 31% in the past two years to reach $4.5 billion." The Good Food Institute. “U.S. Plant-Based Market Overview - New SPINS Retail Sales Data,” November 27, 2018. https://www.gfi.org/marketresearch.United StatesSales, Consumption, Plant-based FoodUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/marketresearchhttps://www.gfi.org/marketresearchGFI2019NGO
Solid proteins (casein and whey) account for just 3.3% of milk’s overall composition."Solid proteins (casein and whey) account for just 3.3% of milk’s overall composition. The rest is made up of 87.7% water, 4.9% sugar (mainly lactose), 3.4% fats, and 0.7% vitamins and minerals."Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 26MilkUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Precision fermentation only needs to disrupt 3.3% of the milk bottle to bring about the collapse of the cow milk industry.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 26MilkUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
As protein consumption switches to modern alternatives, the 35% of the milk market that is used as ingredients will disappear rapidly."As protein consumption switches to these modern alternatives, the 35% of the milk market that is used as ingredients will disappear rapidly. The disappearance of a third of industry revenues will be enough to push the primary milk production industry into bankruptcy."Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 27Milk, ProteinUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
RethinkX predicts that by 2030, leather produced from non-animal sources will likely have a 90% market share.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 29Leather, DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
$17.1bn has been invested in plant-based foods in the 5 years leading up to 2018.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 36Investment, Plant-based FoodUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
The cost of proteins will be five times cheaper by 2030 and 10 times cheaper by 2035 than existing animal proteins."The cost of proteins will be five times cheaper by 2030 and 10 times cheaper by 2035 than existing animal proteins, before ultimately approaching the cost of sugar. They will also be superior in every key attribute – more nutritious, healthier, better tasting, and more convenient, with almost unimaginable variety."Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 6Price, ProteinUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
By 2030, the number of cows in the U.S. will have fallen by 50%. "By 2030, the number of cows in the U.S. will have fallen by 50% and the cattle farming industry will be all but bankrupt. All other livestock industries will suffer a similar fate, while the knock-on effects for crop farmers and businesses throughout the value chain will be severe."Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 6Cows, CattleUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Modern alternatives to cow products will be up to 100 times more land efficient.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 6CowsUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Modern alternatives to cow products will be 10-25 times more feedstock efficient.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 6Cattle, CowsUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Modern alternatives to cow products will be 20 times more time-efficient.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 6Cattle, CowsUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Modern alternatives to cow products will be 10 times more water efficient.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 6Cattle, CowsUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
By 2030, demand for cow products will have fallen by 70%.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 7CowsUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
By 2035, demand for cow products will have shrunk by 80% to 90%. Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 7CowsUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
RethinkX estimates that there will be a loss of value to the tune of $100bn for those involved in rearing animals and processing them, and for all the supporting industries."There will be enormous destruction of value for those involved in rearing animals and processing them, and for all the industries that support and supply the sector (fertilizers, machinery, veterinary services, and more). We estimate this will total more than $100bn. At the same time, there will be huge opportunities for the producers of modern foods and materials."Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 7Economic LossUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Production volumes of the U.S. beef and dairy industries will decline up to 90% by 2035."Production volumes of the U.S. beef and dairy industries and their suppliers will decline by more than 50% by 2030, and by nearly 90% by 2035."Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 7Cows, Beef, Dairy, ProductionUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
By 2030 the market by volume for ground beef will have shrunk by 70%. Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 7Cows, Beef, Market ShareUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
By 2030 the market by volume for steak will have shrunk by 30%.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 7Market Share, Cows, SteakUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
By 2030 the market by volume for dairy will have shrunk by almost 90%.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 7Market Share, Dairy, CowsUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Modern foods will result in a reduction in foodborne illness and conditions. "Nutritional benefits could have a profound impact on health, both in a reduction in foodborne illness and in conditions such as heart disease, obesity, cancer, and diabetes that are estimated to cost the U.S. $1.7 trillion every year."Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 7HealthUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Environmental benefits from the use of modern foods will reduce net greenhouse gas emissions from the sector by 45% by 2030.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 7Environment, EmissionsUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
The cost of modern foods and other precision fermentation products will be between 50% and 80% lower than the animal products they replace.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 8PriceUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Revenues of the U.S. beef and dairy industry and their suppliers will decline by 50% by 2030, and 90% by 2035."At current prices, revenues of the U.S. beef and dairy industry and their suppliers, which together exceed $400bn today, will decline by at least 50% by 2030, and by nearly 90% by 2035. All other livestock and commercial fisheries will follow a similar trajectory."Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 8Revenue, Cows, Beef, DairyUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Feed production revenues for cattle will fall by more than 50% by 2030."The volume of crops needed to feed cattle in the U.S. will fall by 50%, from 155 million tons in 2018 to 80 million tons in 2030. This means that, at current prices, feed production revenues for cattle will fall by more than 50%, from $60bn in 2018 to less than $30bn in 2030."Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 8Revenue, CattleUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Replacement of animal agriculture with modern food production will reduce net emissions."U.S. greenhouse gas emissions from cattle will drop by 60% by 2030, on course to nearly 80% by 2035. Even when the modern food production that replaces animal agriculture is included, net emissions from the sector as a whole will decline by 45% by 2030, on course to 65% by 2035."Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 8Environment, EmissionsUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Replacement of animal agriculture with modern food production will reduce net water consumption."Water consumption in cattle production and associated feed cropland irrigation will fall by 50% by 2030, on course to 75% by 2035. Even when the modern food production that replaces animal agriculture is included, net water consumption in the sector as a whole will decline by 35% by 2030, on course to 60% by 2035."Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 8Environment, WaterUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Half of the 1.2 million jobs in U.S. beef and dairy production and their associated industries will be lost by 2030, climbing towards 90% by 2035.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 9Jobs, Cows, Beef, DairyUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
The emerging U.S. precision fermentation industry will create at least 700,000 jobs by 2030 and up to one million jobs by 2035.Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesPage 9Jobs, Precision FermentationUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
RethinkX predicts that industrial agriculture will be bankrupted as a result of high cost of production and displaced demand."All industrial agriculture is volatile, low margin, and inefficient and will be bankrupted as a result of high cost of production and displaced demand."Tubb, Catherine, and Tony Seba. “Rethinking Food and Agriculture 2020-2030: The Second Domestication of Plants and Animals, the Disruption of the Cow, and the Collapse of Industrial Livestock Farming,” n.d. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdf.United StatesDisruptionUncategorizedhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbhttps://static1.squarespace.com/static/585c3439be65942f022bbf9b/t/5d7fe0e83d119516bfc0017e/1568661791363/RethinkX+Food+and+Agriculture+Report.pdfRethinkX2019NGO
Shareholder advocacy is becoming more effective“Shareholder proposals are increasingly effective at reining in corporate power, and the SEC’s proposed changes will weaken one of the last remaining mechanisms of corporate accountability.”United StatesShareholders, SEC, Advocates,Uncategorizedhttps://www.philanthropy.com/article/A-Critical-Tool-for-Holhttps://www.philanthropy.com/article/A-Critical-Tool-for-Holding/247646?utm_source=pt&utm_medium=en&cid=pt&source=ams&sourceId=141941Philanthopy.com2019Other
Research carried out in 2003 indicated that heat stress had a negative economic impact of $897 million and $369 million per year in the dairy and beef industries in the US, respectively.Summer, Andrea, Isabella Lora, Paolo Formaggioni, and Flaviana Gottardo. “Impact of Heat Stress on Milk and Meat Production.” Animal Frontiers 9, no. 1 (January 3, 2019): 39–46. https://doi.org/10.1093/af/vfy026.United StatesDairy, Cows, Economic LossUncategorizedhttps://academic.oup.com/af/article/9/1/39/5145101https://academic.oup.com/af/article/9/1/39/5145101Animal Frontiers2018Academic
2 out of 3 participants in a U.S. consumer survey report that they are eating less of at least one type of meat.“Consumers Cite Health Concerns, Cost As Reasons They Eat Less Meat - 2018 - News Releases - News - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.” Accessed November 19, 2019. https://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2018/consumers-cite-health-concerns-cost-as-reasons-they-eat-less-meat.html.United StatesResearchers defined meat reduction as eating less red meat, processed meat, poultry or seafood over the last three years.Meat Consumption, HealthUncategorizedhttps://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2018/consumers-citehttps://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2018/consumers-cite-health-concerns-cost-as-reasons-they-eat-less-meat.htmlJohns Hopkins2018Academic
Studies have found significantly lower risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and all-cause mortality in models that replace animal protein with plant protein."For U.S. cohorts, several studies have found significantly lower risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and all-cause mortality in statistical analyses that model replacement of animal sources of protein—in particular, red and processed meat—with plant sources of protein, such as nuts, pulses, and whole grains."Godfray, H. Charles J., Paul Aveyard, Tara Garnett, Jim W. Hall, Timothy J. Key, Jamie Lorimer, Ray T. Pierrehumbert, Peter Scarborough, Marco Springmann, and Susan A. Jebb. “Meat Consumption, Health, and the Environment.” Science 361, no. 6399 (July 20, 2018). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aam5324.United StatesHealth, Heart Disease, Diabetes, Stroke, Animal Protein, Plant Protein Uncategorizedhttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324https://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6399/eaam5324Science2018Academic
Beyond Meat estimates that more than 70% of Beyond Burger consumers are flexitarians.foodnavigator-usa.com. “An Estimated 70% of Beyond Burger Fans Are Meat Eaters, Not Vegans/Vegetarians, Says Beyond Meat.” foodnavigator-usa.com. Accessed November 20, 2019. https://www.foodnavigator-usa.com/Article/2018/01/12/An-estimated-70-of-Beyond-Burger-fans-are-meat-eaters-not-vegans-vegetarians-says-Beyond-Meat.United StatesBeyond Meat, FlexitarianUncategorizedhttps://www.foodnavigator-usa.com/Article/2018/01/12/An-estihttps://www.foodnavigator-usa.com/Article/2018/01/12/An-estimated-70-of-Beyond-Burger-fans-are-meat-eaters-not-vegans-vegetarians-says-Beyond-MeatFood Navigator USA2018News
Jobs in factory farms are dangerous"Two amputations a week: the cost of working in a US meat plant"United StatesLaborUncategorizedhttps://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/jul/05/amputatihttps://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/jul/05/amputations-serious-injuries-us-meat-industry-plantGuardian2018News
13% of US retail milk sales are plant-based.The Good Food Institute. “Newly Released Market Data Shows Soaring Demand for Plant-Based Food,” September 12, 2018. https://www.gfi.org/newly-released-market-data-shows-soaring.United StatesMilk, Plant-based MilkUncategorizedhttps://www.gfi.org/newly-released-market-data-shows-soaringhttps://www.gfi.org/newly-released-market-data-shows-soaringGFI2018NGO
The public is concerned about farmed animal welfareCornish A, Raubenheimer D, McGreevy P. What We Know about the Public's Level of Concern for Farm Animal Welfare in Food Production in Developed Countries. Animals (Basel). 2016;6(11):74. Published 2016 Nov 16. doi:10.3390/ani6110074United StatesConsumersUncategorizedhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5126776/https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5126776/NIH Library2016Academic
Farms struggle to pay debt that contracts with Perdue requireUnited StatesPerdue, Owners OperatorsUncategorizedhttps://www.farmaid.org/blog/farmer-heroes/craig-watts/https://www.farmaid.org/blog/farmer-heroes/craig-watts/Farm Aid2014NGO
Industry analysts downgraded the stock and lowered annual earnings estimates for both Tyson Foods and Smithfield Foods during the 2009 swine flu outbreak"During the 2009 swine flu outbreak, Tyson Foods reported a drop in its domestic pork sales, while industry analysts downgraded stock and lowered annual earnings for both Tyson Foods and Smithfield Foods"Congressional Research Service, June 2009, Potential FarmSector Effects of 2009 H1N1 “Swine Flu”: Questions andAnswers. Available at fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40575.pdfUnited StatesDisease, Finance, PigsUncategorizedfas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40575.pdffas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40575.pdfCongressional Research Service2009Government
Indiana hog producers were estimated to lose between $5-20 per pig as a result of the 2009 swine flu outbreakCongressional Research Service, June 2009, Potential FarmSector Effects of 2009 H1N1 “Swine Flu”: Questions andAnswers. Available at fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40575.pdfUnited StatesDisease, Finance, PigsUncategorizedfas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40575.pdffas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40575.pdfCongressional Research Service2009Government
55% of soil erosion is caused by animal agriculture in the United States."Global figures are not available but in the United States, with the world’s fourth largest land area, livestock are responsible for an estimated 55 percent of erosion and sediment, 37 percent of pesticide use, 50 percent of antibiotic use, and a third of the loads of nitrogen and phosphorus into freshwater resource."FAO, Henning Steinfeld, T. Wassenaar, V. Castel, Mauricio Rosales, C. de Haan, and Pierre Gerber. “Livestock’s Long Shadow,” 2006. http://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdf.United StatesPage xxiiSoilUncategorizedhttp://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdfhttp://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdfFAO2006Intergovernmental Org
37% of the pesticide use in the United States is in animal agriculture. "Global figures are not available but in the United States, with the world’s fourth largest land area, livestock are responsible for an estimated 55 percent of erosion and sediment, 37 percent of pesticide use, 50 percent of antibiotic use, and a third of the loads of nitrogen and phosphorus into freshwater resource."FAO, Henning Steinfeld, T. Wassenaar, V. Castel, Mauricio Rosales, C. de Haan, and Pierre Gerber. “Livestock’s Long Shadow,” 2006. http://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdf.United StatesPage xxiiPesticidesUncategorizedhttp://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdfhttp://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdfFAO2006Intergovernmental Org
50% of the antibiotics consumed in the United States are in animal agriculture."Global figures are not available but in the United States, with the world’s fourth largest land area, livestock are responsible for an estimated 55 percent of erosion and sediment, 37 percent of pesticide use, 50 percent of antibiotic use, and a third of the loads of nitrogen and phosphorus into freshwater resource."FAO, Henning Steinfeld, T. Wassenaar, V. Castel, Mauricio Rosales, C. de Haan, and Pierre Gerber. “Livestock’s Long Shadow,” 2006. http://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdf.United StatesPage xxiiAntibioticsUncategorizedhttp://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdfhttp://www.fao.org/3/a0701e/a0701e.pdfFAO2006Intergovernmental Org
Americans support greater oversight of factory farms“[T]his is one more indicator that animal ag’s social license is at risk. Social license is the privilege of operating with minimal restrictions based on maintaining trust. Once lost, social license is replaced with social control, which brings the threat of regulation, legislation and litigation designed to compel businesses to perform to stakeholder expectations.”United StatesSocial LicenseUncategorizedhttps://www.meatingplace.com/Industry/Blogs/Details/89431https://www.meatingplace.com/Industry/Blogs/Details/89431Meating PlaceNews
Some animal farmers are converting their operations to grow plants insteadUnited StatesOwner OperatorsUncategorizedhttps://farmtransformers.org/why-transform/https://farmtransformers.org/why-transform/Farm TransformersNGO
An African swine fever outbreak in the U.S. would cost the swine industry an estimated $50B over ten yearsThe Pig Site, “New economic study: African swine fever outbreak in the US could cost $50 billion,” April 3, 2020, accessed June 10, 2020, https://thepigsite.com/articles/new-economic-study-african-swine-fever-outbreak-in-the-us-could-cost-50-billion. United StatesDiseaseUncategorizedhttps://thepigsite.com/articles/new-economic-study-african-swine-fever-outbreak-in-the-us-could-cost-50-billionThe Pig Site
U.S. trade policy puts American factory farming operations at risk Jacqueline Varas for American Action Forum, “The Total Cost of Trump’s Tariffs,” June 2, 2020, accessed June 22, 2020, https://www.americanactionforum.org/research/the-total-cost-of-trumps-new-tariffs/. United StatesTrade DisruptionUncategorizedhttps://www.americanactionforum.org/research/the-total-cost-of-trumps-new-tariffs/American Action Forum2017

There is no future in factory farming.

Investors are abandoning industrial animal agriculture.

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